The Indus Valley is one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations, along with its contemporaries, Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of well over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in metallurgy and handicraft (carneol products, seal carving) and produced copper, bronze, lead, and tin. The civilization is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoried houses.

The mature phase of Indus Valley Civilization is known as the Harappan Civilization, as the first of its cities to be unearthed was located at Harappa, excavated in the 1920s in what was at the time the Punjab province of British India (now in Pakistan).  Excavation of Harappan sites have been ongoing since 1920, with important breakthroughs occurring as recently as 1999. To date, over 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the Ghaggar-Hakra river and its tributaries. Among the settlements were the major urban centres of Harappa, Lothal, Mohenjo-daro (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Dholavira, Kalibanga, and Rakhigarhi.

The civilization is sometimes referred to as the Indus Ghaggar-Hakra civilization or the Indus-Sarasvati civilization. The appellation Indus-Sarasvati is based on the possible identification of the Ghaggar-Hakra River with the Sarasvati River of the Nadistuti sukta in the Rig Veda, but this usage is disputed on linguistic and geographical grounds. The Harappan language is not directly attested and its affiliation is unknown, a plausible relation would be to Proto-Dravidian or Elamo-Dravidian.

Itinerary:

Day 01: Karachi

Arrival at the airport in Karachi and transfer to the hotel for short rest. After lunch Visit the City

Visit Mausoleum of Muhammed Ali Jinnah aka (Quaid-e-Azam); Masjid-i Toba Mosque; Some free time for shopping. Come back to Hotel.

Day 02: Karachi

After breakfast visit  National Museum, Dhobi Ghat (washing area); Zaibunissa Street; Abdullah Haroon Street, Zeinab Bazaar, Bori Bazaar, Cliffton Beach

Day 03: Karachi – Chaukundi – Makli – Thatta – Hydarabad

Drive to Hyderabad en-route visit Chaukundi Necropolis, Thatta near Makli Necropol, Shah Jahan Mosque. Arrive and transfer to the hotel

Day 04: Hyderabad

Full day to explore the historical Hyderabad city, visiting Hyderabad Fort (Packo Qilo), Sindh Museum, Badshahi Bungalow (Kings Bungalow), tombs of Talpur Kings (Hirabad) and other heritage sites

Day 05: Haydarabad – Hirabad – Bhit Shah – Sehvan – Mancher Lake -Larkana

Drive to Larkana en-route visit Bhit Shah, Shah Abdul Latif Bhattai tomb, Sehwan Sharif, Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, mud houses, ruins of fort and mancher lake. Arrive and transfer to the hotel

Day 06: Larkana – Mohenjodaro – Sukkur

Drive to Sukkur en-route visit Mohenjo-Daro, the Ruins and old city. Arrive and transfer to the hotel

Day 07: Sukkur – Khairpur – Bhong – Uch Sharif – Bahawulpur

Drive to Bahawulpur en-route visit Khairpur, Faiz Mahal Palace, Bhong, the Bhong Mosque, Uch Sharif and visit the tombs with their stunning appearance,  (Tombs of Bibi Jawindi, Baha el-Halim, Sheikh Seyfeddin Gazroni and Jalaluddin Bukhari). Arrive and transfer to the hotel

Day 08: Bahawulpur – Derawar Fort – Multan

Drive to Multan en-route visit Derawar Fort, the tombs around, Cholistan Desert. After the tour return to Bahawulpur for lunch. After the lunch visit Bahawulpur city and the Bahawulpur Museum.  BahawalgarhPalace, Noor Mahal Palace, Gulzar Mahal Palace, after the tour free time in Bahawulpur Markets.

Day 09: Multan – Harappa – Lahore

Drive to Lahore en-route visit shrines of Bahaddin Zakariya, Shems Tebriz and Sheikh Rukneddin, free time in Hussein Agahi Bazaar till lunch. After the lunch, drive to Lahore. On way we will visit Harappa ancient city. Arrive and transfer to the hotel

Day 10: Lahore

Explore the city! Visit Old Lahore, Lahore Fort, Badshai Mosque, Iqbal Park and see Minar-e-Pakistan, Lunch at local restaurant, Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore Museum, Anarkali Bazaar, Shalimar Gardens, in the evening return to the hotel

Day 11: Lahore – Rohtas – Islamabad

Drive to Islamabad en-route visit Rohtas Fort, arrive and transfer to the hotel for short rest, in the evening visit Islamabad National Art Gallery, Lok Virsa Public Museum

Day 12: Islamabad – Taxila – Rawalpindi – Islamabad

After breakfast drive to Taxila. Visit the city see the buda stature, temples, Taxila Museum and the heritage sites, after this entire visit come back to Islamabad. Visit shakarparian hill and take lunch with good view to city. See at this hill visit Pakistan Monument, Jasime garden, Rawal Lake, Faisal Mosque, local bazaars and markets. In the evening return to the hotel

Day 13: Islamabad

Depends on your flight schedule if it’s in the evening then morning will be for shopping or visit more sites in Rawalpindi if flight is in the morning then drive to the airport and flight to destination!

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